Adoption & Foster Care

Fostering or Adopting? Two Critical Things Biological Children Need to Hear From You

Our biological daughter was 11 years old when we made the decision to add to our family through foster care adoption. To say that she was excited would be a gross understatement – she couldn’t wait to have a sister! At 11 years old she was extremely weary of being the only child. She had known for years that we couldn’t have any brothers or sisters. Adoption had always been an option we said we “might” do someday. So, by the time we asked her opinion of older child adoption through our state’s foster care system, she was our biggest supporter.

We did all the “right” things. We had all the “right” talks and prepared her the best of our ability. She knew it wouldn’t always be easy.  She knew that a new sister who would be coming into our home might reject her or not bond quickly. She was ready for that (or at least she thought she was). She knew that she would have to “share” mom and dad, not get as much “stuff.” She knew it was a big change. She was ready. We weren’t.

Over the next 6 years, one sister would become six sisters and everything she thought she was prepared for was multiplied, by six. Along the way, she supported every new addition to our home and family. What we didn’t know, until it was almost too late, was that we were making big and small errors in communication. The things we were leaving unsaid or saying incorrectly were becoming deep, dark wounds festering in her heart until it was too much for her to bear. Even thinking about it now breaks my heart.

In conversations with other foster/adoptive parents, this question typically pops up, “So, be honest, how did all of this effect your biological daughter?” My typical response is simple, we parent older teenage/young adult daughters, some with severe histories of abuse and trauma. A  lot of ‘stuff’ comes with that and it doesn’t just effect us, it effects our entire household. Every new addition requires adjustment, and everyone in the house has to adjust. Trauma replicates trauma, hurting people hurt people, it’s part of the process. Was she effected? Yes, greatly. Was some of it negative? Yes. Was some of it positive? Yes. Is there anything we, as parents, could have done differently? Lots.

Here are two critical things that, if I had a magic wand, I would certainly reverse time and communicate often to our biological daughter. 

No Matter What – Your Problems Still Matter

In the day to day adjustment to a child from hard places, we can become focused on the trauma and pain of their past. Any abuse is startling and it’s especially hard when the effects of the abuse are living in your home, calling you mom and dad. We wouldn’t have ever told our biological daughter that her problems didn’t matter. We just became so overwhelmed with the challenges facing our new daughter(s) that our actions spoke louder than our (lack of) words.

Along the way she decided that the problem she was having with a friend at school, or the sadness she felt because someone called her a name were not important enough to bother us with – especially compared to the trauma that her sister(s) had faced. It wasn’t the not telling us her problems that was the biggest issue. The biggest issue was that she felt like her problems no longer mattered; which led her to ultimately feeling like she didn’t matter.

Take time to communicate to your biological children that, no matter how big or how small, their cares, concerns, hurts and worries are always important to you. 

It’s okay for you to be frustrated; it doesn’t mean you don’t understand.

Let me just say it straight, the way I wish someone had said it to me years ago. Take, “…but you have to understand…,” out of your vocabulary. Completely. The statement makes your child feel stupid for their feelings instead of teaching them that frustrations are normal & expected feelings. Our children understand far more than we give them credit for; they just sometimes need permission to be frustrated anyway.

Here’s a simple illustration of how this went really wrong in our home, on many occasions. Hopefully you’ll take the better way:

Biological Child: “UGH!!!! I can’t stand ________!!! She’s always _________. And, I’m tired of it!”

Our mistaken response: “Well, you have to understand that __________ doesn’t mean to __________. They’ve had a lot of hurt in their life and sometimes can’t help it. You need to show more grace.” In essence we just said, the problem is you. You don’t understand, you don’t have mercy, and you need to suck it up.

The better way:  “I’m sorry you’re feeling angry. I understand. What can I do to help?” This opens dialogue and gives the child an opportunity to vent, be angry and hopefully start to work toward understanding and reconciliation.

Take time to empathize when your biological child is frustrated. Even when the issue is one that they shouldn’t be frustrated about. Their frustration alone is communicating to you that they need you to help calm and reassure them – not to correct their thinking. 

Here’s a bonus one for you: just because they seem okay, doesn’t mean they are. Our daughter has maintained straight As in school throughout the journey. Through deep valleys, her grades never suffered. She’s also developed a great ability to mask her hurts behind expected behaviors. If we don’t ask, we don’t know. Just don’t forget that the uncertainty, anxiety and exhaustion that you feel – your biological child feels too. Give them time to express it to you; and just because they seem okay, don’t just assume that they are – ask.

Our daughter is all the things we hoped she would be as a result of our family’s journey into foster care and adoption. She’s more compassionate. She understands that there is deep hurt in the world and wants to do her part to help. She’s more patient. And, she loves her sisters. We are deeply proud of the young woman that she’s become. But, we also realize that there is a lot that we, as her parents, could have done better throughout this journey to make her road a little smoother.





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  • Tracy Whitt

    This is great Pam, things that parents with biological children need to hear. I don’t have biological children, but I can see it in what I say to my daughter about her brothers Autism. Thank you. It was all WONDERFUL, but I especially like the quote, “Trauma replicates trauma, hurting people hurt people, it’s part of the process.”

    • pamparish

      Thank you, Tracy!

      It’s so easy to miscommunicate or fail to communicate with any of our children – biological, foster or adopted. We have to give ourselves grace while at the same time examining our language and communication to make sure we’re not leaving any room for undo rejection or loneliness.

  • Angela Hurley

    This was so much what I needed to hear today (actually 3 years ago). My biological daughter (turning 16 in 5 days) just announced to me that she feels hopeless that things will ever get better and that she can’t tolerate living with my foster son (17) who has been our family for nearly 3 years and that she would like me to let her move out of state to live with my parents. He is a challenging little man with some serious trauma and some maladaptive responses to the things that happen in the world and in families and she is so exhausted. I’m feeling shredded and wishing so much that I had done things differently 3 years ago (or even as recently as 6 months ago) before she hit this place. Like yours she is a great student, a blackbelt in martial arts, a world traveler over her summers, and it’s easy to focus my attention on the my boy child who is a perpetual crisis and assume she will figure things out. Moreoever – why are there NO resources for biological children? No trainings in the foster system. No support systems of other kids who may understand. No literature even??
    Thank you thank you thank you for writing this. Thank you for writing this THIS WEEK. Thank you.

    • Susan Gray

      I appreciate the message in the article plus this response above. I am a grandmother to 3 adorable girls aged 4, 6 and 10, plus 4 foster girl siblings aged 2 (twins), 6 and 10. The twins have been in my son and daughter in law’s home for most of their lives. Their 2 older sisters came into care about 3 months ago. My oldest granddaughter expressed her concerns to me 4 weeks ago. I noticed some behavior changes in my biological granddaughters. This concerns me. My 10 year old granddaughter has to share a bedroom with the 2 oldest foster girls, and the 10 year old foster girl says hurtful things to my 10 year old granddaughter. My son was my only child and I was a single parent.
      It is almost impossible to approach
      my son as he does not have
      conversations with me. But I have a strong urge to speak with him. You see, I was a foster mom for 8 years during my son’s life (6 years to 14 years old). My son never complained. I wonder now if there was something he needed to tell me.

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